Late-career transitions to entrepreneurship are discussed as a promising way to address some of the problematic implications of population ageing. We have conducted a number of studies on late-career transitions and entrepreneurship intentions amongst those over 50, or close to retirement.
In our research papers we have looked at the social environment, such as the social exclusion and support for older entrepreneurs as well as the prevalent age norms. We have studied how individuals’ own characteristics and, for instance, ‘aging well’ and own perceptions on their age or work history and job satisfaction contribute to late-career transitions. In addition, we have taken a look at the different types of entrepreneurial activity amongst the older population, and assessed the attractiveness of self-employment in contrast to becoming and owner-manager that hires employees. Our research has also explored the important questions of how transferring from organizational employment to entrepreneurship influences the individuals’ lives in monetary and non-monetary manner.
- Kautonen, T., Kibler, E., & Minniti, M. 2017. Late-career entrepreneurship, income and quality of life. Journal of Business Venturing, 32(3), 318-333.
- Kautonen, T., Hatak, I., Kibler, E., & Wainwright, T. 2015. Emergence of entrepreneurial behaviour: The role of age-based self-image. Journal of Economic Psychology, 50, 41-51.
- Kibler, E., Wainwright, T., Kautonen, T., & Blackburn, R. 2015. Can Social Exclusion Against “Older Entrepreneurs” Be Managed? Journal of Small Business Management, 53, 193-208.
- Wainwright, T., Kibler, E., Kautonen, T. & Blackburn, R. 2015. One size does not fit all: Uncovering older entrepreneur diversity through motivations, emotions and mentoring needs. Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Retirement, 42-66.
- Kautonen, T., Down, S. & Minniti, M. 2014. Ageing and entrepreneurial preferences. Small Business Economics, 42(3), 579-594.
- Kautonen, T. & Minniti, M. 2014. ‘Fifty is the new thirty’: ageing well and start-up activities. Applied Economics Letters, 21(16), 1161-1164.
- Wainwright, T. & Kibler, E. 2014. Beyond financialization: Older entrepreneurship and retirement planning. Journal of Economic Geography, 14(4), 849-864.
- Kautonen, T., Hytti, U., Bögenhold, D., & Heinonen, J. 2012. Job satisfaction and retirement age intentions in Finland: Self-employed versus salary earners. International Journal of Manpower, 33(4), 424-440.
- Kautonen, T., Tornikoski, E.T., & Kibler, E. 2011. Entrepreneurial intentions in the third age: The impact of perceived age norms. Small Business Economics, 37(2), 219-234.
- Kautonen, T., Luoto, S. & Tornikoski, E.T. 2010. Influence of work history on entrepreneurial intentions in ‘prime age’ and ‘third age’: A preliminary study. International Small Business Journal, 28(6), 583-601.
- Tornikoski, E.T., & Kautonen, T. 2009. Enterprise as sunset career? Entrepreneurial intentions in the ageing population. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 8(2), 278-291.
- Kautonen, T., Down, S. & South, L. 2008. Enterprise support for older entrepreneurs: The case of PRIME in the UK. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 14(2), 85-101.